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논문

전체
Cosmological Parameter Estimation from the Two-dimensional Genus Topology-Measuring the Expansion History Using the Genus Amplitude as a Standard Ruler
  • 스티븐 애플비; 박창범; 홍성욱; 외
  • 2021-02-01
  • ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL 907 2 : 75-1~75-18
We measure the genus of the galaxy distribution in two-dimensional slices of the SDSS-III BOSS catalog to constrain the cosmological parameters governing the expansion history of the universe. The BOSS catalogs are divided into 12 concentric shells over the redshift range 0.25 < z < 0.6, and we repeatedly measure the genus from the two-dimensional galaxy density fields, each time varying the cosmological parameters used to infer the distance?redshift relation to the shells. We also indirectly reconstruct the two-dimensional genus amplitude using the three-dimensional genus measured from SDSS Main Galaxy Sample with galaxies at low redshift z < 0.12. We combine the low- and high-redshift measurements, finding the cosmological model that minimizes the redshift evolution of the genus amplitude, using the fact that this quantity should be conserved. Being a distance measure, the test is sensitive to the matter density parameter (Ωm) and equation of state of dark energy (w de). We find a constraint of ${w}_{\mathrm{de}}=-{1.05}_{-0.12}^{+0.13}$, Ωm = 0.303 ± 0.036 after combining the high- and low-redshift measurements and combining with Planck CMB data. Higher-redshift data and combining data sets at low redshift will allow for stronger constraints.