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IAU자료실 IAU100] 특별전시자료 Decade3 2019-01-11
IAU100] Above & Beyond Exhibition Decade3 ai자료 압축파일 입니다.



D03.1.A_WWII technologies
WORLD WAR II TECHNOLOGIES THAT CHANGED THE WORLD
ADVANCED OPTICS CONTROL SYSTEMS EARLY COMPUTERS NUCLEAR FISSION JET ENGINES RADAR ROCKETS
WORLD WAR II TECHNOLOGIES THAT CHANGED THE WORLD



D03.2.A._Dark times and culture
WORLD WAR II TECHNOLOGIES THAT CHANGED THE WORLD
ADVANCED OPTICS CONTROL SYSTEMS EARLY COMPUTERS NUCLEAR FISSION JET ENGINES RADAR ROCKETS
THE DARK TIMES, COSMOS AND CULTURE
During and following the dark times of the World Wars, literature and culture offered an intellectual escape and glimmer of hope. Antoine de Saint-Exupery's novella "The Little Prince" depicted the story of a little boy from a tiny asteroid who travelled between planets. This tale became one of the most iconic 20th-century pieces of literature. Work by Kenji Miyazawa ("Night on the Galactic Railroad”) also shaped the imagination of entire generations. This period is now regarded as the Golden Age of Science Fiction. Fictional journeys through the stars and visits to imaginary worlds became a vehicle to address deep, existential questions about the meaning of life, happiness, and our place in the Universe.

01 LE PETITE PRINCE, ANTOINE DE SAINT-EXUPERY
02 NIGHT ON THE GALACTIC RAILOAD, KENJI MIYAZAWA
03 LES AVENTURES DE TINTIN,
04 THE NAKED SUN, ISAAC ASIMOV
Credit: 01. Fondation Antoine de Saint-Exupery, 02. Kenji Miyazawa, 03. Herge / Moulinsart, 04. Isaac Asimov / Doubleday Science Fiction

WORLD WAR II TECHNOLOGIES THAT CHANGED THE WORLD

THE DARK TIMES, COSMOS AND CULTURE





D03.3.1._HarvardComputers
HARVARD COMPUTERS
Major innovations of the 19th century, including photography and spectroscopy, helped lead astronomy to evolve into astrophysics. Telescopes began generating massive quantities of observational data, which needed to be interpreted into numbers and tables for researchers to analyse. Prior to the invention of computers, all necessary calculations were performed manually. Notably, the Harvard College Observatory employed a number of women as skilled workers to process astronomical data at the turn of the 20th century. Known as “Harvard Computers”, these women analysed images and revolutionised the world of observational astronomy, supporting the birth of modern cosmology. Many went on to become distinguished scientists in their own right, including Henrietta Leavitt, Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin and Annie Jump Cannon.
Credit: Harvard University Archives
Credit: Charles Reynes




D03.4.1. and others_Post-war IAU
THE UNITING ROLE OF THE IAU POST-WAR
The first decades of the International Astronomical Union(IAU) were characterised by diplomatic cand political circumstances. After World War II, the IAU rediscovered itself diplomatic and political circumstances. After World War II, the IAU rediscovered itself in a somewhat new, uniting role: bringing together a deeply conflicted community via the means of science. In the second half of the 20th century, the astronomical community expanded significantly, with larger numbers of researchers from diverse backgrounds joining the organisation. The IAU grew from a small organisation of elite researchers to an increasingly inclusive embodiment of the global research community, including increased participation of female members, young scientists, and astronomers from minorities and developing countries. It also outgrew its initial role focussed on science, diplomacy and the naming of celestial objects, embracing new efforts in outreach, education and development.
Credit: 01. & 03. International Astronomical Union, 02. American Institute of Physics

SCIENCE DIPLOMACY NAMING EDUCATION OUTREACH DEVELOPMENT
01.: IAU GA ROME, 1922
02.: IAU GA ZURICH, 1948
03.: IAU GA BERKELEY, 1961

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