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IAU자료실 IAU100] 특별전시자료 Decade6-1 2019-01-11
IAU100] Above & Beyond Exhibition Decade6 ai자료 압축파일 입니다.
Decade 6은 자료가 많아 6-1과 6-2로 업로드 합니다.



D06.1.1.R_Interstellar medium
HUBBLE SPACE TELESCOPE VIEW ON PILLARS OF CREATION
Credit: NASA, ESA, Hubble Heritage Team (STScI/AURA)

INTERSTELLAR MEDIUM
The space between stars is not empty, as it also contains a mixture of gas and dust. Known as the interstellar medium (ISM), it plays a crucial role in the formation of stars and their evolution. The ISM provides the raw material from which stars are born and to which they return their elements after their demise. The necessary building blocks of life, such as water and complex molecules (including those that are carbon-based) have all been found in the ISM. While many observational and theoretical steps have been made to understand this interstellar mixture, many aspects of its complex physics and chemistry still remain a mystery to researchers, while its snapshots make for some of the most spectacular images of the Universe.

ALMA IMAGE OF THE PROTOPLANETARY DISC AROUND YOUNG STAR HL TAURI
Credit: ALMA (ESO/NAOJ/NRAO)

HERSCHEL SPACE OBSERVATORY VIEW OF NEW STARS AND MOLECULAR CLOUDS
Credit: ESA/Herschel/NASA/JPL-Caltech; R. Hurt (JPL-Caltech)




D06.1.2.R. and others_Understanding the Sun
UNDERSTANDING THE SUN
Despite its constant presence in our sky, the Sun has posed long-standing mysteries. This includes its structure to its inner workings and its very nature. A certain type of sub-atomic particle, called the neutrino, is of particular interest to researchers and is continually produced in large numbers in a star’s interior. Since monitoring began in the 1960’s, the number of observed neutrinos did not match the predictions from theory. This conundrum was known as the solar neutrino problem, highlighted by John Bahcall. Addressed with the groundbreaking results from the Homestake experiment led by Raymond Davis, and later confirmed by Japan's Super-Kamiokande detector led by Masatoshi Koshiba, the mystery was finally solved. Neutrinos were characterised and better understood by how they can oscillate between different states along their journey from the Sun to us.
Credit: Sun in ultraviolet light / NASA/SDO

UNDERSTANDING THE SUN
In the 1960s, we discovered that the Sun pulsates, breathing in and out. This is a phenomenon known as solar oscillations, which gave rise to a new domain of research and study of the
Sun called helioseismology. This area would later branch out to asteroseismology: the study of oscillations of stars other than the Sun.
Credit: Pulsating star / Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research

01 HMI DOPPLERGRAM SURFACE MOVEMENT PHOTOSPHERE
02 HMI MAGNETOGRAM MAGNETIC FIELD POLARITY PHOTOSPHERE
03 HMI CONTINUUM MATCHES VISIBLE LIGHT PHOTOSPHERE
04 AIA 1700 PHOTOSPHERE
05 AIA 4500 PHOTOSPHERE
06 AIA 1600 UPPER PHOTOSPHERE / TRANSITION REGION
07 AIA 304 TRANSITION REGION / CHROMOSPHERE
08 AIA 171 UPPER TRANSITION REGION / QUIET CORONA
09 AIA 171 CORONA / FLARE PLASMA

UNDERSTANDING THE SUN
Today we observe sunlight far beyond the ranges visible to the naked eye by studying the Sun in many different wavelengths, from radio waves to X-rays. Much of this radiation is absorbed by Earth’s atmosphere, which made the space age instrumental to opening this new observational window.
Credit: Sun in different wavelengths / NASA/SDO/Goddard Space Flight Center

10 AIA 211 ACTIVE REGIONS
11 AIA 335 ACTIVE REGIONS
12 AIA 094 FLARING REGIONS
13 AIA 131 FLARING REGIONS



D06.1.4.A._Space and popculture
SPACE INSPIRES POP CULTURE
HAL 9000 A.I. MASTERMIND - 2001: A SPACE ODYSSEY
SPACE STATION V GRAVITATIONAL ACCELERATION - 2001: A SPACE ODYSSEY
SOLARIS STATION SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH STATION - SOLARIS
SOLARIS PLANET-ENCOMPASSING ORGANISM - SOLARIS

U.S.S. ENTREPRISE INTERPLANETARY SPACECRAFT - STAR TREK
Space in pop culture hit its renaissance in the 1960s and 1970s. The nascent development of computer-assisted graphics empowered visionary filmmakers to create iconic works. Ranging from Stanley Kubrick’s 2001:A Space Odyssey to Andrei Tarkowski’s Solaris, the Star Trek series and the Star Wars saga, pop culture was never the same again. Millions of viewers would be exposed and inspired by ideas that would take years to prove scientifically, such as exoplanets or binary stars. As a result, many of today’s scientists, engineers and astrophysicists say they went into their line of work because they watched those films when they were young.
TATOOINE PLANET AROUND A BINARY STAR SYSTEM - STAR WARS



D06.1.4.A._Space and popculture2
SPACE INSPIRES POP CULTURE
HAL 9000 A.I. MASTERMIND - 2001: A SPACE ODYSSEY
SPACE STATION V GRAVITATIONAL ACCELERATION - 2001: A SPACE ODYSSEY
SOLARIS STATION SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH STATION - SOLARIS
SOLARIS PLANET-ENCOMPASSING ORGANISM - SOLARIS

U.S.S. ENTREPRISE INTERPLANETARY SPACECRAFT - STAR TREK
Space in pop culture hit its renaissance in the 1960s and 1970s. The nascent development of computer-assisted graphics empowered visionary filmmakers to create iconic works. Ranging from Stanley Kubrick’s 2001:A Space Odyssey to Andrei Tarkowski’s Solaris, the Star Trek series and the Star Wars saga, pop culture was never the same again. Millions of viewers would be exposed and inspired by ideas that would take years to prove scientifically, such as exoplanets or binary stars. As a result, many of today’s scientists, engineers and astrophysicists say they went into their line of work because they watched those films when they were young.
TATOOINE PLANET AROUND A BINARY STAR SYSTEM - STAR WARS

CULTURE INSPIRED BY SPACE
ABORIGINAL ART
SEVEN SISTERS DREAMING
- Credit: Gabriella Possum
MILKY WAY DREAMING
- Credit: Rex Winston Walford
Astronomy and space always had a strong influence on cultures across the world. Ancient civilisations on every continent, from Native Americans and Maya to ancient Egyptians, Greeks and Chinese, from Mesopotamians to Aboriginal Australians and Polynesians, all relied heavily on referencing the skies and linking the human experience to a broader cosmic
dimension. Following this time-honoured tradition, the progress in 20th-century astronomy and the onset of the space age have been no less a source of awe and inspiration for a wide variety of cultural endeavours, ranging from Spanish surrealism and Socialist realism to Afrofuturism and Japanese manga.

ARABIC ART
ASTRONAUT
-Credit: Raed Al Fada

TWO PEOPLE IN SPACE OUTFITS
- Credit: Abdel Hadi El-Gazzar

THE LEBANESE ROCKET SOCIETY
- Credit: Sodas Pictures

AFROFUTURISM
#MAASCI
- Credit: Jacque Njeri

IN THE ORBIT OF RA
- Credit: SunRa

SOCIALIST REALISM
IN THE NAME OF PEACE
-Credit: Irakli Toidze

SPACE ART
- Credit: Tekhnika Molodezhi

SPANISH SURREALISM
WOMAN, BIRDS, MOON
-Credit: Joan Miro

THE RED SUN AND GREEN MOON
- Credit: Joan Miro

JAPANESE MANGA
SPACE BATTLESHIP YAMATO
- Credit: Sumikai

KNIGHTS OF SIDONIA
- Credit: Tsutomu Nihei

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