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Fe I 5435A선에서 추론한 흑점 진동 내부 발진의 관측적 증거 SCI
  • 임은경; 양희수; 조규현; 외
  • 2019-07-10
  • ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL 879 2 : 67-1~67-8
The umbral oscillations of velocity are commonly observed in the chromosphere of a sunspot. Their sources are considered to be either the external p-mode driving or the internal excitation by magnetoconvection. Even though the possibility of the p-mode driving has been often considered, the internal excitation has been rarely investigated. We report the identification of the oscillation patterns that may be closely related to the events of internal excitation from the observations of velocity oscillations in the temperature minimum region of two sunspots. The velocities were determined from the spectral data of the Fe i 5435 A line, a magnetically insensitive line, taken with the Fast Imaging Solar Spectrograph of the 1.6 m Goode Solar Telescope at the Big Bear Solar Observatory. As a result, we identified four oscillation patterns of 2.0 × 103 km coherent size that were clearly identified for about 7.9 minutes with an oscillation amplitude of 9.3 × 10?2 km s?1. The power of the oscillations in these centers was concentrated in the 3 minute band. All the oscillation centers were located above the umbral dots undergoing noticeable morphological and dynamical changes that may be regarded as an observable signature of small-scale magnetoconvection inside the umbrae. Our results support the notion that magnetoconvection associated with umbral dots inside sunspots can drive the 3 minute umbral oscillations.