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논문

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딥 러닝 기반 객체 감지 방법을 이용한 태양 이벤트 검출
  • 2021-11-08
  • SOLAR PHYSICS 296 11 : 160-1~160-15
Research on the detection of the solar events has been conducted over many years. Recently, deep learning and data-driven approaches to solar physics have been applied to solar event recognition. In this study, we present solar event detection using deep-learning-based object detection methods for real-time space weather monitoring. First, we construct a new object detection dataset using imaging data obtained by the Solar Dynamics Observatory with bounding boxes as labels for three representative features: coronal holes, sunspots, and prominences. Second, we train two representative object detection models, the Single Shot MultiBox Detector (SSD), and the Faster Region-based Convolutional Neural Network (R-CNN) with the new dataset. The results show that both models perform similarly well for coronal hole and sunspot detection. For prominence detection, the SSD and Faster R-CNN exhibited relatively low performance. This study demonstrates that deep learning-based object detection can successfully detect multiple types of solar events, and it may be extended to detect other solar events. In addition, we provide the dataset for further achievements of object detection studies in solar physics.