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The Galaxy Environment of Extremely Massive Quasars. I. An Overdensity of Hα Emitters at z = 1.47
  • 2021-10-18
  • THE ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL 920 2 : 74-1~74-8
We measure a strong excess in the galaxy number density around PG 1630+377, an extremely massive (MBH ? 109.7M⊙) quasar at z = 1.475, using near-infrared narrowband imaging. We identify 79 narrow H-band excess objects in a 525 arcmin2 area including the vicinity and surroundings of the quasar. These sources are likely Hα line emitting, star-forming galaxies at z ? 1.47. We detect a δ = 6.6 ± 2.7 overdensity of narrow H-band excess objects located at a projected distance ?2.1 Mpc northeast of the quasar, which is the densest region in the target area. The overdensity is present in BzK color-selected galaxies, while a previously reported overdensity in the immediate vicinity of PG 1630+377 is not, and yet appears as a group-like structure. These megaparsec-scale environments are estimated to merge into a ?1014.7M⊙ cluster at present. Our results support the view that extremely massive black holes form and grow in group-scale environments and later incorporate into a galaxy cluster.